Newborn skin is fragile, especially premature infants. While diapers are a modern invention, itsthey are linked to diaper or nappy rash from wet or infrequently changed nappies, friction, diarrhoea, new foods and antibiotics.
In recent studies, researchers have treated baby’s rashes due to nappies with human milk and compared the treatment against commonly used over-the-counter ointment and barrier creams.
In 2017, researchers evaluated the effect of breast milk on the healing of nappy rash in a clinical trial of 30 infants less than 12 months within three months in Iran. They were divided into two matched groups: case and control. In 2017, researchers evaluated the effect of breast milk on the healing of nappy rash in a clinical trial of 30 infants less than 12 months within three months in Iran. They were divided into two matched groups: case and control. These babies with nappy rash were referred to the Health Centres in Tehran. All the infants on breast milk used high-power absorbent cloths for diapering and none used disposable diapers. Nobody used soaps and powders. A thorough medical history was obtained and a complete physical examination was conducted to rule out any other possible cause of rash. During study, many new signs or symptoms were recorded.
The mothers in the control group were asked to bathe the infant following urination or defecation with only warm water, pat them dry and change diapers. They were asked not to apply any topical treatment or creams.
In the case group, mothers were instructed to do the same in addition to applying breast milk three times a day on the affected area and let it air dry before putting a diaper back on. All mothers used the same brand of diapers before and during the study.
Almost all babies get a diaper rash at some time or another, while some seem to get it often. It affects the areas within the confines of the diaper.
The skin of the affected area is moist and painful, appears red and spotty, and is sometimes itchy. This causes significant discomfort for infants and distress for their parents and caregivers.